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The characteristics of the buttercup
- Type: flower and flowering plant
- Height: up to 60cm
- Flower color: yellow
- Desired exposure: sunny or semi-shaded
- Type of soil: normal, humus
- Sanitizing: no
- Varieties: Ranunculus asiaticus, Ranunculus acris, Ranunculus trichophyllus, Ranunculus montanus, Ranunculus auricomus
Characteristics and origin of the buttercup plant
In the garden, it is better to plant the buttercup in the marshes than the buttercup in the fields, which is too invasive. They both belong to the family of buttercups, but the second is a semi-aquatic plant that is easy to control and whose effect is most decorative at the edge of the basin.
The buttercup is a perennial herb. In Latin, it is called "Ranunculus Acris", "Ranunculus" meaning "little frog".
Native to North America, the buttercup, or marsh marigold, looks like two drops of water to its cousin in the fields. It consists of beautiful clusters of yellow flowers in the shape of a cup. These point the tip of their nose in May when the foliage is just beginning to develop. It is a perennial plant with semi-persistent foliage which resists frost well.
You can find the buttercup almost everywhere in Europe, in meadows as in fresh woods. It can even be found on the roadside at 2000m altitude in some places.
The buttercup is appreciated by children who have fun bringing it closer to their face to produce a yellow reflection on their skin. This reflection, which recalls the color of butter, explains the German and English appellations of the buttercup - "Butterblume" and "buttercup" -, the root "" butter "" meaning butter in both languages.
Plantation of the buttercup
Very popular in regions like Scotland, the flower buttercup is cultivated there in very wet grounds. The leaves are then less important, but the flowers often larger.
The buttercup appreciates humus soils and supports both a partial shade exposure and an exposure to full sun.
The buttercup easily reproduces by sowing. This is usually done in February and March, in order to have a first flowering in the spring.
Maintenance of the buttercup
The buttercup flowers between May and September. It is a rustic plant, which tolerates temperatures up to -20 ° C.
In the pond, be sure to remove the faded flowers as you go to enjoy longer flowering. Do the same with the leaves to prevent them from polluting the water in your pond by decomposing. If the buttercups become too invasive, it is possible to get rid of them through manual uprooting or the use of weed killer.
Diseases and pests of the buttercup
Among the pests that attack at the buttercup, we find slugs, snails and aphids.
This flower can also be affected by powdery mildew. This is not characterized by whitening foliage. When the first signs of the disease appear, remove the affected plants and burn them to slow the progression of the disease in your garden.
Is the buttercup a poisonous plant?
Like the buttercup of our meadows, the buttercup swamp is toxic because of the anemonine it produces. It is advisable to wear gloves to handle it so as not to irritate the skin. Indeed, it can cause blisters or reddening in case of contact.
When consumed at maturity, the buttercup flower causes inflammation of the throat and digestive system, which is why breeders fear the ingestion of buttercup by their cattle. The scoundrel buttercup and the thora buttercup are the most toxic varieties. Young shoots are rich in vitamin C and can be eaten.