How to plant and cultivate the eleagnus x ebbingei?

How to plant and cultivate the eleagnus x ebbingei?

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The characteristics of the eleaeagnus x ebbingei

  • Type: shrub
  • Height: 1 to 2 m, 2 to 5 m, 5 to 6 m
  • Flower colors: White cream
  • Fruit name: Bay
  • Desired exposure: sunny, semi-shaded
  • Type of soil: well drained, poor
  • Foliage: Persistent
  • sanitizer: No
  • variety: Elaeagnus macrophylla, Elaeagnus pungens, Elaeagnus commutata, Elaeagnus augustifolia,…

Origins and peculiarities of the eleagnus x ebbingei

Theelaeagnus x ebbingei (chabing of Ebbing) is a shrub in the spider family. The genus elaeagnus comprises around fifty species distributed over several continents. The word elaeagnus comes from "elaeagnos", which means "sacred olive tree" in ancient Greek; perhaps it is because of a resemblance of the fruits of the elaeagnus with those of the olive tree, a tree itself consecrated as a symbol of peace in the Bible.

The vernacular designation of "chalef" (willow in Arabic) designates the elaeagnus in general, probably due to certain common characteristics (especially at the level of the leaves) with the willows.

Visually, the chabing of Ebbing is a thorny shrub 2 to 3 meters high (even if some species can reach 5 or 6 meters). The vigorous development of the shrub gives it an upright and bushy habit. Its foliage is very pleasant: a deep green with gray reflections on the top, and a silvery reverse.
Flowering is autumnal: the flowers, in the form of elongated bells, small and whitish, are hardly noticeable in the axils of the leaves, unlike their fragrance with the exquisite scent of jasmine. The fruit, in the shape of a 2 cm long rugby ball, is green, then reddish orange when ripe, in spring. Its flesh and large seed are fully edible.

Plantation of the eleagnus x ebbingei

The shrub is rather indifferent to the nature of the soil that receives it (it tolerates even poor soils), as long as the latter is sufficiently drained. Indeed, the genus Elaeagnus can compensate for the insufficiency of nutritive elements of the substrate by the faculty of its roots, in symbiosis with bacteria, to transform the nitrogen of the air into organic nitrogen, essential for the growth of the plant. .
It is planted indifferently in the sun or in a semi-shaded area. Its good adaptation to sea spray and sea winds predisposes it to a seaside situation. That said, it is present everywhere in France, because it resists very cold weather (down to -20 ° C).
In general, the chabing of Ebbing will easily find its place in a hedge, in topiary, in a massif or a border, or even isolated in the garden. It is rarer, but it can also be grown in a tub or pot.

Maintenance and watering of the eleagnus x ebbingei

To ensure a growth without surprise, we recommend a preventive antifungal treatment, towards the end of winter, using Bordeaux mixture. Adding organic fertilizer in the fall will also be beneficial. Regarding watering, the chalef needs the soil to be always a little damp, not he does not support that the soil is soaked or that water stagnates at its foot. From March to October, during the period of vegetative luxuriance, the shrub will need more water than the rest of the year.

Diseases of the eleagnus x ebbingei

Ebbing chalef can suffer from chlorosis (iron deficiency in the soil) or psyllids. These insects that feed on sap can be eradicated by ladybugs or syrphids. If these natural predators do not overcome it, the tree will have to be treated.


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